What are the drivers of violent extremism on-line? What do we know about its impact? How do we engage industry and leverage the potential of modern analytical techniques to create capabilities to monitor for “risk factors” while remaining consistent with important principles as the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights? One option is to adopt the WHO public health surveillance model to tracking risk factors in on-line media. Doing so will require developing an OpenData standard for social media data for community security – and buy-in from major social media platforms to participate in such an effort.
Rafal Rohozinski is the CEO and Chief Innovation Officer at SecDev Group and co-founder of the Secdev Foundation. He is also a senior fellow for Future Conflict and CyberSecurity at the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies. These remarks were delivered at a special meeting of meeting of the United Nations Counter Terrorism Committee, UN Security Council, 1 December 2016, and draw upon a recent Secdev/UNDP study of terrorist use of social media in Bangladesh.
This comprehensive 2012 United Nations report provides a thorough review of terrorist organizations’ use of the Internet. While dated prior to the online emergence of ISIS and other groups’ use of social media, it nevertheless provides a wealth of information.
This paper explores the use of crawling global social networking platforms to undercover previously unknown radicalized individuals. To prove the utility of this process the authors collect a YouTube dataset from a group that potentially has a radicalizing agenda.
Adam Bermingham, Maura Conway, Lisa McInerney, Neil O’Hare, and Alan F. Smeaton
This 2014 report by the International Centre for the Study of Radicalization and Political Violence (ICSR) presents the findings of a 12-month study on the social media profiles of 190 Western and European foreign fighters.