Sweden: when hate becomes the norm

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This 2013 article works within a framework of netnography and provides an insightful look at the anti-foreigner climate encountered by the author in Sweden. The research aims to examine the parameters of anti-foreigner hate and Islamophobic hostility in Sweden by focusing on unaccompanied minors online. The article reflects the relationship between offline and online worlds and suggests that extremist websites provide echo chambers for far-right views.

This article will be of use to PVE practitioners interested in netnographic studies and particularly those focusing on unaccompanied minors online and far-right extremist opinions. There is also a counter-narrative component to the research, and the author discusses the impact of normalizing extreme views online and its potential impact on the political system and voting. 

Full article is available here >>

Katrina Hirvonen

September 2013