Options and Strategies for Countering Online Radicalization in the United States

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The purpose of this article is to inform the wider, academic debate about strategies and options for countering online radicalization within the U.S. domestic context. Its aim is to provide a better understanding of how the Internet facilitates radicalization; an appreciation of the dilemmas and tradeoffs that are involved in countering online radicalization within the United States; and ideas and best practices for making the emerging approach and strategy richer and more effective. It argues that online radicalization can be dealt with in three ways: reducing the supply of extremist content instead of aiming to obliterate it entirely, to reduce the demand for content, and to exploit online content and online interactions for the purposes of learning more about the process.

This article includes the essential groundwork and counter-radicalization strategies that are highly relevant to PVE researchers and practitioners. Researchers interested in exploring the key theory and methods behind dealing with online radicalization will find much value in this article.

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Peter R. Neumann